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Al Borj was established back in 1987 being the pioneer and market leader in supplying sewing machines, equipment, spare parts, consumable and services to the apparel manufacturing industry in the GCC, Middle East and MENA region. Through continuous effort, hard work and motivation of Al-Borj team members and appreciation from our valued clients it has successfully completed its 26 years of excellence and still look forward to further new ventures and product lines.
A sewing machine is a machine used to stitch fabric and other materials together with thread. Sewing machines were invented during the first Industrial Revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies. Sewing machine has greatly improved the efficiency and productivity of the clothing industry. In a modern sewing machine the fabric easily glides in and out of the machine without the inconvenience of needles and thimbles and other such tools used in hand sewing, automating the process of stitching and saving time.Industrial sewing machines, by contrast, are larger, faster, more complex, and more varied in their size, cost, appearance, and task.Plain stitches fall into four general categories: lockstitch, chainstitch, overlock, and coverstitch.
Lockstitch is the familiar stitch performed by most household sewing machines and most industrial "single needle" sewing machines from two threads, one passed through a needle and one coming from a bobbin or shuttle. Each thread stays on the same side of the material being sewn, interlacing with the other thread at each needle hole by means of a bobbin driver. As a result, a lockstitch can be formed anywhere on the material being sewn; it does not need to be near an edge. Stitch making : The drive shaft has a vertical crank attached to it, going down under the base plate. Again, by a series of levers, this connects to a hook ring. The hook ring picks up the upper thread and guides it round the bobbin holding the lower thread. Using the up and down movement of the needle and the rotation of the hook ring the two threads are looped together to form the stitch.
Chain stitch is a sewing and embroidery technique in which a series of looped stitches form a chain-like pattern.
Overlock, also known as "serging" or "serger stitch", can be formed with one to four threads, one or two needles, and one or two loopers. Overlock sewing machines are usually equipped with knives that trim or create the edge immediately in front of the stitch formation. Household and industrial overlock machines are commonly used for garment seams in knit or stretchy fabrics, for garment seams where the fabric is light enough that the seam does not need to be pressed open, and for protecting edges against raveling. Machines using two to four threads are most common, and frequently one machine can be configured for several varieties of overlock stitch. Overlock machines with five or more threads usually make both a chainstitch with one needle and one looper, and an overlock stitch with the remaining needles and loopers. This combination is known as a "safety stitch". Household overlock machines are widely used.
Coverstitch is formed by two or more needles and one or two loopers. Like lockstitch and chainstitch, coverstitch can be formed anywhere on the material being sewn. One looper manipulates a thread below the material being sewn, forming a bottom cover stitch against the needle threads. An additional looper above the material can form a top cover stitch simultaneously. The needle threads form parallel rows, while the looper threads cross back and forth all the needle rows. Coverstitch is so-called because the grid of crossing needle and looper threads covers raw seam edges, much as the overlock stitch does. It is widely used in garment construction, particularly for attaching trims and flat seaming where the raw edges can be finished in the same operation as forming the seam.